The Muay-Thai is derived from the older Muay Boran (ancient boxing), an unarmed combat method that was used by the soldiers of Siam, after they had lost their weapons in battle. Some believe that the ancient soldiers of Siam created Muay Boran by the Krabi Krabong but others argue that both systems were developed simultaneously. Krabi Krabong nevertheless was an important influence on Muay-Thai, as shown in the movements in the Wai Kru (specific movements before the fight). More specifically, the Krabi Krabong was related with the training of militants on significant armed part, where in antiquity the fighters may be fighting over elephant on horseback to horse or on foot and for this reason they had weapons appropriate for each occasion: 1. Krabi (knife) 2. Krabong (stick of bamboo) 3. Daab (sword) 4. Ngao (Lance) 5. Mae Sun Sowks (weapons mounted in forearms) 6. Loh (round shield) 7. Dung (large shield) 8. Kaen (medium-sized shield).
Muay Boran is a battle technique for use in real war, which through the end times evolved into the modern muay-thai a martial sport in which the opponents fought in front of spectators who went to watch for their entertainment. These Muay contests gradually became an integral part of local festivals and festivals of Thailand, particularly those held at temples. Eventually, fighters fought with bare hands earlier, began to wear cords around their hands and arms. This type of race called muay Khat chueak.
Among other things, the workout included punches on lemons as target at trees to harden the reeds, long-distance running and workout in the water. A special diet with vegetables was mandatory.
In more detail the main differences of Muay Boran in relation to modern Muay Thai are summarized below:
1.) The basic placement of hands in Muay Boran flanked in the enemy’s body centerline. In other words, the warrior’s hands are positioned in such a way that one punch to be in front of the other so that both fists to be aligned with the centerline of the opponent. This method contrasts with the laying on of hands in Thai Boxing where each hand is placed on both sides of the head of the opponent.
2.) the basic attitude of Muay Boran is lower and wider than in Muay Thai so there is a better balance as it is addressed in war conditions, where the soil is uneven.
3.) while Muay Thai is considered the style of “8 weapons”: (leg (x2), knee (x2), elbow (x2), and punch (x2), Muay Boran are based in 9 weapons (including in addition the use of the head of the warrior).
In time, during the reign of Rama VII (R. 1925-1935) was the first organized effort to establish the rules of muay thai, which was ultimately crowned by success. The first boxing ring was built in 1921 in Suan Kularp. Centuries ago the duration of the fight was determined from the time that is needed to sink a coconut shell on which was opened a small hole, in a container with water. The fight has been held without a break until the coconut reached the bottom of the pot and the winner was the one who would succeed KO (knock Out) otherwise the fight was ending as a draw. Over time, it has been imported referees but also (5) temporal rounds that lasted 3 minutes with bell. It has been prohibited blows on the back, in the genitals and in the eyes of the opponent. The fighters in the Lumpinee Stadium Kickboxing, began to wear gloves during the modern training and also during boxing matches against foreign. The tying of the hands was still used in battles among Thais, but after a death in the ring, it was decided that the fighters should wear gloves. It was also then that the term Muay-Thai became widely known, while the oldest form of the style became known as Muay Boran, which now occurs mainly as an art form mainly for show.